Abraham Lincoln Memorial, National Mall, Washington, D.C

Lincoln-the President



  • Abraham Lincoln won the presidential nomination of the Republican Party in 1860.


  • He did this primarily by condemning slavery and it's expansion but he also maintained that he would not interfere with it where it already existed.


  • Seven states of the lower south seceded and formed the Confedorate States of America shortly after his victory.


  • Giving his inauguration speech in 1861, Lincoln implored the south to show restraint whilst trying to earn their trust. At the same time he pledged to to do whatever was necessary to preserve the Union.


  • The south took action to Lincoln's words by firing on Fort Sumter in Charelston harbor, April 12th, 1861. Lincoln made a stand, calling for troops to put down the rebellion, and a further four more states in the upper south seceded including; Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina & Tennessee:


  • The result was four long years of bloody conflict.


  • Lincoln issued the "Emancipation Proclamation" to free slaves within the states of rebellion, in doing so raising the war to a higher moral plane in January 1863.


  • Lincoln received congressional approval of the 13th Amendment that abolished slavery in the United States in January 1865.



  • During Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address on March 4th, 1865, he offered peace and reconciliation to the south.


  • On April 14th, 1865, Lincoln was shot by an assassin, dying from his severe injuries the next day, this was six days after General Robert E. Lee surrendered his troops at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

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